Ryder Cup 2018: Europe thrash US to regain Ryder Cup

Ryder Cup 2018: Francesco Molinari win claims Ryder Cup victory for Europe

Europe regained the Ryder Cup with a dominant victory over the United States at Le Golf National in France.

Open champion Francesco Molinari beat Phil Mickelson 4&2 to get Europe to the 14½-point winning mark, before Sergio Garcia won to become the Ryder Cup’s leading points scorer with 25½.

The Americans, trailing 10-6, had threatened a comeback by winning 3½ of the first five singles points.

But Europe’s Jon Rahm, Ian Poulter and Thorbjorn Olesen all won their matches.

And the winning moment came when Mickelson, three down with three to play, hit his tee shot on the par-three 16th into the water and conceded the hole and match.

Victory for Molinari means he becomes the first European to win five points in one Ryder Cup. After being drenched in beer by celebrating fans, he said it “means more than winning majors”.

That spirit has prevailed throughout the European team all week. They went in to the match as underdogs despite the US not having won in Europe since 1993. The American side boasted 31 major titles, and 11 of their players are in the world’s top 17.

But Le Golf National is a different course to those the Americans are used to playing on – the tight fairways and deep, penal rough, a world away from the vast majority of PGA Tour courses.

Only three of the American dozen had played a competitive round at the home of the French Open before this week, and it showed as the European players, who have played in excess of 200 rounds between them, looked more at ease.

Postman Poulter delivers again

The Americans put their best players out at the top of the singles order and the gamble appeared to be paying off for captain Jim Furyk with three wins and a halved match out of the first five.

Both the opening matches went down to the 18th, with Justin Thomas defeating Rory McIlroy after an epic battle before Brooks Koepka rolled in a three-footer to share his equally entertaining match with Paul Casey.

World number two Justin Rose failed to recover from losing the second and third holes to Webb Simpson and was three down after eight. Rose birdied the par-three 16th but the American holed his second shot to close out a 3&2 win.

Tommy Fleetwood’s hopes of becoming the first European to win all five matches at a single Ryder Cup were crushed by Tony Finau. None of the first 11 holes were halved but the American won eight of them to the Englishman’s three to go five ahead and he eventually won 6&4.

But then the tide turned. Poulter, so often the European to spark a momentum change, holed a birdie putt on the 14th to edge ahead of world champion Dustin Johnson in their see-saw contest and the roar reverberated around the course.

Moments later, those around the 14th green were roaring again when Olesen completed an unlikely 5&4 victory over Jordan Spieth to put Europe 11½-9½ ahead.

Olesen had not played since losing in the fourballs on Friday morning and his victory was built on four birdies on the front nine as he went five clear, while Spieth, who has been one of the US team’s star players with three points, never recovered from three successive bogeys.

Poulter then went two holes up on Johnson after the American dumped his second to the par-four 15th into the water.

Up on the 16th, Rahm missed a short putt to allow Tiger Woods to get back within a hole but the Spaniard nailed his approach to the 17th to four feet and holed the putt to add another blue point.

Rahm punched the air in delight, striding around the green in raucous celebration, before calming himself enough to console Woods, who had waited patiently to congratulate his conqueror.

Johnson won the 16th to stay in touch with Poulter but the thousands gathered round the 17th green were expecting to celebrate another European point minutes later.

Poulter, for once, failed to deliver, missing a six-footer to win the match. However, he strode to the final tee, smashed his drive down the middle and flicked a mid-iron to six feet, a putt conceded by Johnson, to put Europe 13½-9½ ahead and just one point from regaining the trophy.

Any one of Molinari, Garcia, or Henrik Stenson could have secured the winning point and it was the Italian who did so.

More to follow.



‘I do believe in Brexit,’ says Theresa May

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Media captionThe prime minister rejects Boris Johnson’s claims that she doesn’t believe in Brexit

Theresa May has rejected claims she does not believe in Brexit – and insisted she would make a success of it “regardless of the outcome” of talks.

She told the BBC’s Andrew Marr show her plan for post-Brexit trade with the EU was not dead – despite it having been rejected by EU leaders.

And she urged the Tory party – in Birmingham for their annual conference – to “come together” and back it.

Boris Johnson has called her so-called Chequers plan “deranged”.

In his latest broadside against her Brexit strategy, the former foreign secretary suggested he might be able to strike a better deal than her with Brussels.

He told the Sunday Times : “Unlike the prime minister, I fought for this, I believe in it, I think it’s the right thing for our country and I think that what is happening now is, alas, not what people were promised in 2016.”

Mr Johnson also set out domestic policy ideas, including building a bridge between Britain and Ireland and putting the HS2 scheme on hold to focus on a rail link in northern England.

Mrs May, who campaigned for Remain in the 2016 EU referendum, hit back at Mr Johnson in her Andrew Marr interview.

She said: “I do believe in Brexit. Crucially, I believe in delivering Brexit in a way that respects the vote and delivers on the vote of the British people while also protecting our union, protecting jobs and ensuring we make a success of Brexit for the future.

“That’s why I’m being ambitious for this country. That’s why I want us to get a really good free trade deal with the European Union, which is what lies at the heart of the Chequers plan.”

But she also said she was prepared for a “no deal” scenario, saying: “We will make a success of Brexit, regardless of the outcome of the negotiations.”

Image copyright PA
Image caption Anti-Brexit campaigners stage a protest outside the Conservative conference

The Labour Party has said it will back Mrs May in Parliament if she agrees to their plan for a customs union with the EU and a Brexit deal that guarantees workers’ rights and protects jobs.

Mrs May said: “My message to the Labour Party is that they should stop playing politics with Brexit and start acting in the national interest.

“My message to my party is let’s come together and get the best deal for Britain.”

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Media captionTories applaud Sir Digby Jones’s attack on Boris Johnson

EU leaders have rejected her Chequers plan because they believe it would undermine the single market by allowing the UK to “cherry pick” bits of EU law it liked and ditch the rest.

Mrs May said: “We think we are putting forward a proposal that will maintain the integrity of the single market.”

She said she wanted a more detailed response from the EU on their objections.

Mrs May said her plan for the UK and EU to share a “common rulebook” for goods, but not services, was the only credible way to avoid a hard border between Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic.

The strategy has been fiercely criticised by Conservative Brexiteers, who say it would compromise the UK’s sovereignty and betray the 2016 referendum vote.

And writing in the Sunday Telegraph, ex-attorney general Dominic Grieve warned the PM she faced a “polite rebellion” by pro-EU MPs, with a “significant” number prepared to back another referendum if a deal could not be reached.

Conservatives were among hundreds of protesters calling for Brexit to be ditched, at a march and rally staged by the cross-party Best for Britain campaign.

Tim Skeet, from the Tories Against Brexit group, told the crowd in Birmingham: “A certain prime minister is continuing to drive this bus over the cliff.

“The only way forward is to bin Brexit and to remain in the EU.”

The pro-Brexit Leave Means Leave campaign also staged a rally, with Tory MP Andrea Jenkyns warning the prime minister that her position would be under threat unless she “listened” to the people and dropped Chequers.

In thee main conference hall, pro-Brexit former CBI chief Sir Digby Jones gave a watching Mrs May a boost with a speech hailing her for standing up to the EU “bully boys” and attacking Mr Johnson as an “irrelevance”.


By Chris Mason, BBC political correspondent, in Birmingham

Just like the Labour conference last week, the Conservatives are keen to show us they have plenty of songs on their playlist.

But just like the Labour conference last week, one record is louder than all the others and seems jammed on repeat: Brexit.

Autumn guarantees two things: leaves falling off trees and Conservative conferences in which there is a series of deftly choreographed Johnsonian interventions, before and during the main event.

Forty-eight hours on from his 4,000 or so words for the Daily Telegraph, one word from Mr Johnson is sufficient to grab a headline or two today: “deranged”.

The big question of the next few days, beyond the Brexit noise: does the PM offer any indication, however vague, of the possibility of her shifting on her much criticised Brexit plan?

Former Brexit Secretary David Davis, who like Mr Johnson quit the cabinet over Mrs May’s Brexit proposals, told Sky News “Chequers will die” because “it’s just wrong”.

He said he expected a free trade deal to be struck along the lines of a Canada-style agreement, adding that “we are going to have a very scary few months” as talks with the EU entered their final stages, but that was “normal”.

Mrs May also defended the “hostile environment” immigration policies she introduced as home secretary, which led to people from the so-called Windrush generation losing their jobs, welfare benefits and right to remain in the UK.

She apologised for the fact that many long-standing UK residents of Caribbean origin had been caught by her Immigration Act, but declined to apologise for the policy itself.

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Media captionTheresa May on hostile environment policy: “I apologise for the fact that some people who should not have been caught up in that… were caught up”

Mrs May wants to use the Conservative conference to focus on domestic issues as well as Brexit, after Labour unveiled a string of new policies at its conference last week.

She has announced plans to tackle a big increase in rough sleeping, to be funded by a tax on foreign-owned homes.

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Mrs May also revealed plans for a Festival of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to showcase the nation in January 2022 – months before the next scheduled general election.

And Health Secretary Matt Hancock said health officials would produce guidelines on the amount of time young people should spend on social media.

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Your guide to Brexit jargon



Thousands take part for Great Scottish Run in Glasgow

Great Scottish Run 2018
Image caption Thousands of runners set off from George Square on Sunday morning

An estimated 30,000 people have been taking part in this weekend’s Great Scottish Run events in Glasgow.

World-class athletes joined thousands more amateur runners who are raising money for charity.

Several thousand runners had already taken part in “Super Saturday” junior and family events.

The brother of Frightened Rabbit singer Scott Hutchison, who died this year, completed the half marathon to raise awareness of mental health issues.

Double Olympic gold medallist Dame Kelly Holmes started this year’s 10k from George Square.

  • Frightened Rabbit singer’s brother runs in his memory

Adam Craig from Edinburgh Athletic Club was first over the line in the 10k, while Gemma Steel won the women’s race.

Image copyright Great Scottish Run
Image caption Chris Thompson won the half marathon for the second year in a row

In the half marathon Chris Thompson was the fastest runner for the second year in a row.

Image copyright Great Scottish Run
Image caption Elite runners Mare Dibaba, Rose Chelimo and Alia Gray were the fastest women in the half marathon

In the women’s half marathon Olympic bronze medallist Mare Dibaba held off a strong challenge from 2017 World Athletics Championship marathon gold medallist Rose Chelimo.

Among those taking part in the Family Mile on Saturday were the Rich family, whose two young daughters Nicole and Jessica have Batten disease, an incurable and terminal genetic condition.

There was a loud cheer from onlookers as six-year-old Nicole crossed the finish line.

Kieran Allen, a 10-year-old who has quadriplegic cerebral palsy, also completed his challenge alongside his family.

The brother of Frightened Rabbit singer Scott Hutchison joined the half marathon to raise awareness of mental health issues.

Grant Hutchison said he wanted to highlight the problems of depression and anxiety which his brother suffered from before taking his own life earlier this year, aged 36.



Ryder Cup 2018: Francesco Molinari win secures Ryder Cup victory for Europe

Watch the moment Europe regain the Ryder Cup from the US as Open champion Francesco Molinari wins his match 4&2 against Phil Mickelson at Le Golf National, Paris.

WATCH MORE: ‘I don’t believe it’ – Johnson’s monster putt & McIlroy’s nightmare last hole

Find out how to the follow the Ryder Cup on BBC TV, Radio and online here.

Available to UK users only.



Long Lartin prison: Five officers hurt in disorder

HMP Long Lartin Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption HMP Long Lartin holds more than 500 prisoners

Five prison officers have been injured in a disturbance at a high security men’s jail, the Prison Office has said.

Disorder broke out at HMP Long Lartin in Worcestershire at about 09:30 BST on Sunday and is ongoing.

Specialist “Tornado” officers have been brought in to deal with the disturbance, which involves eight inmates and is contained to one wing.

The officers were treated for minor facial injuries at the scene.

A Prison Service spokesperson said: “Specially trained prison staff have been deployed to deal with an ongoing incident at HMP Long Lartin. Five members of staff have been treated for injuries.

“We do not tolerate violence in our prisons, and are clear that those responsible will be referred to the police and could spend longer behind bars.”

HMP Long Lartin holds more than 500 prisoners, including some of the country’s most dangerous offenders.

In June it was reported that the prison’s governor received hospital treatment after being attacked by a prisoner.

And in October last year riot officers were called to the prison to deal with a serious disturbance in which staff were attacked with pool balls.



Tax on foreign buyers to tackle homelessness

Homeless person sleeping rough in a doorway Image copyright PA
Image caption About 4,750 people are estimated to have slept rough on any given night in England in 2017

Foreign property buyers will face an extra tax with the money raised being spent on tackling rough sleeping, Prime Minister Theresa May has said.

She said foreign buyers could face a surcharge of 1% or 3% on top of stamp duty to stop them driving up UK prices.

Rough sleeping has been rising for the past seven years that the Conservatives have been in government.

Homelessness charity Shelter said the housing crisis will remain until more social housing is built.

Stamp duty is a tax on properties worth more than £125,000.

“The money we raise from this extra stamp duty is going to be spent on dealing with the issue of rough sleeping,” Mrs May told the BBC’s Andrew Marr programme.

Mrs May said evidence showed that foreign buyers who do not pay tax in the UK push up house prices and lower home ownership in the UK.

About 4,750 people are estimated to have slept rough on any given night in England in 2017.

“We’ve sadly seen roughly sleeping going up recently, which is why it is is important we are taking a number of actions,” Mrs May said from Birmingham, where her party’s annual conference has begun.

“We’ve already put money in to projects to ensure that we are helping those who are sleeping rough, this will enable more money to be put in.”

Mrs May highlighted projects such as the Housing First model, being piloted in the West Midlands, which sees rough sleepers given a home, rather than shelters.

In August, the government announced a £100m strategy to tackle rough sleeping on English streets, but it was criticised as it became apparent no new money was being invested.

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Media captionFour stories of rough sleeping in England

The Conservatives say this policy would help British residents “get the right home for them” and “end the scourge of rough sleeping for good”.

It is unclear when the new rates would be introduced.

Shadow chancellor John McDonnell said the Conservatives were “desperately trying to play catch up” with a “rehash” of his party’s proposals from Labour’s 2017 manifesto.

“Unlike the Tories’ proposal this weekend, Labour’s fully costed offshore company property levy targeted the tax avoiders and those seeking to speculate on UK property markets,” he added.

While Shelter welcomed the proposed funding, it said it was “a national disgrace that so many of our fellow citizens are still sleeping rough in modern Britain”.

“We need to understand that the housing crisis will remain for as long as we fail to build more social homes to give people a secure and affordable way to live,” the charity said.

In 2016-17, about 217,000 new homes were built in England – almost a third short of the government’s target of 300,000.

Labour party chairman Ian Lavery said: “The Tories are offering watered down, half-baked policies that don’t begin to compare with Labour’s radical plan to rebuild Britain after years of austerity.”

Under proposals announced last week, Labour said if it was in government it would introduce a new levy on second homes that are used as holiday homes, ban letting agent fees and scrap laws allowing private landlords to evict tenants without giving a reason.

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Housing is a devolved issue, but Scotland and Wales have also reported rises in homelessness and rough sleepers.



Menga strike gives Livingston 1-0 win over Rangers

Dolly Menga’s first goal for Livingston secured victory

Promoted Livingston stunned Rangers to consign Steven Gerrard to just his second defeat in 18 games as manager of the Ibrox club.

Dolly Menga’s strike proved to be the difference as Gary Holt’s side moved level with Hibernian in second.

Gerrard’s side remain without an away win in the Premiership this season and face leaders Hearts, who they trail by eight points, next Sunday.

Before then, Rangers host Rapid Vienna in the Europa League on Thursday.

Livingston, meanwhile, extend their unbeaten in the division to six games, with head coach Holt still to taste defeat since replacing Kenny Miler last month.

Livingston miss chances against blunt visitors

Holt’s team should have been ahead long before they scored, with their directness causing Rangers all manner of problems.

Scott Robinson broke through but dragged his effort across the face of goal, then Alan Lithgow could only direct his effort wide after sliding in to meet Craig Halkett’s header across goal.

The hosts were content to let Rangers play in front of them, knowing they could trouble the visitors at set pieces. And that was the manner in which the crucial goal came.

Rangers conceded a free-kick and Livingston worked an opening, Declan Gallagher and Robinson combining to set up Menga, who took a touch and scored from the centre of the box.

By that stage, Rangers had dominated possession but had found the home defence impenetrable and goalkeeper Liam Kelly was largely untroubled,

That pattern continued into the second half, though Alfredo Morelos did force a save from Kelly.

Scott Pittman was denied by the feet of Rangers goalkeeper Allan McGregor and Lithgow flicked wide from another Livingston set play.

Crosses continually came into the Livingston box and were continually cleared, while two penalty claims – after Halkett’s challenge on substitute Glenn Middleton, and one for handball – were waved away.

‘Phenomenal’ from Livingston – analysis

BBC Scotland’s Alasdair Lamont at the Tony Macaroni Arena

A phenomenal performance and result for Livingston. To a man, they were excellent, continuing to exceed expectations on this upward trajectory.

Their style of play and personnel has scarcely changed since their return to the top flight, but great credit has to go to Holt for the way he has galvanised the team since his arrival.

He had so many heroes. Captain Halkett was immense, marshalling a superbly-organised defence, while Menga kept Connor Goldson and Joe Worrall on their toes throughout.

Rangers were short of inspiration, though. As good as they have been at times under Gerrard, they fell well short of those standards.

Their final ball was lacking – only once did they cut the home side open – and it is something of a wake-up call for Rangers, who find themselves in mid-table.



Cristiano Ronaldo denies rape claim as ‘fake news’

Cristiano Ronaldo. Photo: 29 September 2018 Image copyright ALLSPORT/Getty Images
Image caption The Portuguese superstar now plays for Italy’s Juventus

Cristiano Ronaldo has dismissed as “fake news” accusations by a US woman who alleges she was raped by the Portuguese footballer in 2009.

In an Instagram video, Ronaldo said: “They want to promote [themselves] by [using] my name. It’s normal.”

Ronaldo’s lawyers say they will sue Germany’s Der Spiegel magazine, which originally reported the allegations.

The magazine wrote that Kathryn Mayorga had claimed Ronaldo, 33, raped her in a hotel room in Las Vegas.

Ms Mayorga, 34, is reported to have filed a rape report with Las Vegas police shortly after the alleged incident.

In 2010, she reportedly reached an out-of-court settlement with Ronaldo involving a $375,000 (£288,000) payment for agreeing never to go public with the allegations.

Her lawyers are now seeking to declare the non-disclosure agreement void.

In a statement, Ronaldo’s lawyer Christian Schertz said “the reporting in Spiegel is blatantly illegal”.

He added that he had been instructed to seek compensation for “moral damages” over “probably one of the most serious violations of personal rights in recent years”.

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Ronaldo joined Italy’s Juventus from Real Madrid for £99.2m earlier this year.

The Portuguese international is regarded as one of the greatest players of all time.



Alan Titchmarsh herds sheep over London Bridge

Alan Titchmarsh herding sheep Image copyright PA
Image caption TV gardener Alan Titchmarsh exercised his ancient ‘right’ as a Freeman of the City of London

Alan Titchmarsh drove a flock of sheep across London Bridge as part of a centuries-old tradition.

The TV gardener was joined by more than 600 Freemen of the City of London as they exercised their “right” to herd the animals into the ancient heart of the capital.

Freemen were historically allowed to bring livestock and tools into the City without paying tax.

The stunt is expected to raise tens of thousands of pounds for charity.

Image copyright PA
Image caption Freemen were historically allowed to bring livestock and tools into the City without paying tax

A flock of 30 sheep from Bedfordshire were brought into central London for the day, which also aimed raise awareness of agricultural issues.

The TV presenter said: “This reminds them of the importance of farming and all it produces.”

He added: “I don’t think I’ve done anything odder than this on a Sunday morning. This takes the biscuit.”

The gardening expert took part in the ceremony, following in the footsteps of the likes of Dame Barbara Windsor who herded the animals across the bridge in 2015.

Image copyright PA
Image caption The TV gardener said herding the sheep was the oddest thing he had done on a Sunday morning

People can become a Freeman by paying a fee or as a reward for public service.

Tens of thousands of pounds are expected to be raised for the Lord Mayor’s Appeal charity.

Charles Bowman, Lord Mayor of the City of London, said: “It is wonderful to be able to take part in this event to raise money for such fantastic causes.”

Image copyright PA



October 1968: The birth of the Northern Ireland Troubles?

Civil Rights demonstrators Image copyright Tony McGrath © Guardian Newspaper
Image caption Civil rights march in Derry on the 5th October 1968

“A policeman came in with a baton in his hand with the blood dripping off it.”

Deirdre O’Doherty was a trainee radiographer in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, in 1968, and was among the campaigners preparing to take part in a civil rights march on 5 October.

Half a century may now have passed, but she said she “will never forget” that day.

Her testimony is one of many that features in a new BBC series to mark 50 years since the date widely regarded as the day the Troubles in Northern Ireland began.

It was a time of protest across the world, with campaigners calling for social change in Paris, Prague and the US.

That atmosphere inspired activists in Northern Ireland who demanded an end to gerrymandering and discrimination and called for “one man, one vote”.

The October 1968 Duke Street March in Londonderry had been organised by local activists, with the support of the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA).

NICRA had formed in 1967, and drew inspiration from the campaign for equal rights in the US.

Their first march in Dungannon in August 1968 raised concerns around housing in County Tyrone, highlighted by one case, in particular, when a single Protestant woman was allocated a house ahead of Catholic families.


In October 1968, their attention turned to the unionist-controlled Londonderry Corporation, and its housing policy.

Campaigners, Ms O’Doherty included, saw the local authority’s housing policy as discriminating against the nationalist and Catholic population by the mainly Protestant/unionist-controlled local authority.

The previous day, the October march was banned by the Northern Ireland government.

It would go ahead, in defiance.

As campaigners gathered in the Waterside area of Derry, rows of police officers from the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) waited.

Image caption Deirdre O’Doherty was a trainee radiographer who ended up working in Altnagelvin hospital on 5 October 1968

“We joined the march at the old railway station,” Ms O’Doherty recalls.

“It was to start at 3.30pm. I walked up towards the Craigavon Bridge to see what the delay was.

“There were rows of RUC officers and there was a lot of debate going on. Then a riot broke out. People were screaming.”

Baton-wielding RUC officers tried to break up the march and water canon was deployed in an attempt to disperse the crowd.

It was all captured by a film crew from the Irish national broadcaster, RTÉ, and was beamed around the world.

‘Found a voice’

As “police battered people left, right and centre,” Ms O’Doherty sought solace in a nearby café.

“A door opened and a policeman came in with a baton in his hand with the blood dripping off it,” she recalls.

“He was young. He looked vicious. I never saw a face with so much hatred in all my life. I thought that was it. He turned though, and walked out.”

As the violence continued, the trainee radiographer flagged down an ambulance.

She hitched a lift to her work.

She “x-rayed about 45 skulls that day”, among them the then West Belfast MP Gerry Fitt, who had travelled to take part in the march.

Image caption Protesters regularly took to the streets to call for civil rights in the late 1960s

Grainne and Michael McCafferty were students in 1968.

Like many young people, they felt empowered by education, and were emboldened by calls for change across the world.

“There was a much wider spread of people who were educated and in a position to say ‘we do not find this acceptable’,” Grainne remembers.

“There was a climate of unease and demand for change and the civil rights movement was borne out of that. That led into 5th October.

“We had found a voice, stood up for ourselves, refused to accept any longer this yoke that had been placed on us by the state.”

Image caption Grainne and Michael McCafferty were on Duke Street on 5 October

Grainne’s husband, Michael, said the march had “started quietly”.

“It was only when we got near and realised there was a police blockade that tensions rose,” he says.

Grainne recalls: “When the baton charge started by the police we turned to flee, and I remember a wall of policemen across the road blocking our exit route – and a sinking feeling that this is serious trouble – then people started to run in fear.”

Mrs McCafferty says 5 October marked a “turning point.”

Image caption The 5 October 1968 march in Derry was banned by the Northern Ireland government.

For Terry Wright, then a pupil at one of the city’s Protestant schools, it was also a significant moment.

Mr Wright, who would go onto serve as deputy chair of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), believes it was the day relationships between Protestants and Catholics changed.

“I don’t remember labels being particularly important in my life then, but it all changed in 1968 on 5 October,” says Mr Wright.

He said his Protestant contemporaries could identify with the early demands of campaigners, that there was a shared sense of injustice.


“There were conversations going on at school being very critical of the Unionist Party and some would have identified with civil rights,” he says.

“Something that is quite often forgotten is that when we talk about ‘one man, one vote’, there was quite a number of the unionist population that didn’t have a vote because they weren’t homeowners.

Image copyright Pacemaker
Image caption Terry Wright was a teenage school boy at a Protestant school in Derry in 1968. He would later serve as deputy chairman of the UUP

“A lot of young people felt ‘unionism isn’t doing what it needs to do’, and would have identified with civil rights. I remember attending some of the civil rights meetings in Guildhall Square.”

Ultimately, the sense of grievance shared between Protestant and Catholic neighbours, would dissipate.

“But once the violence started, and there began to be attacks on the Fountain [housing estate], it became sectarian. At least that was the perception. That’s when a lot of young Protestants and unionists who identified with civil rights disengaged,” he says.

A BBC Radio Foyle series features a range of witness testimony and reflections on 5 October.

The series, called ’68, begins on 1 October at 08:55 BST and at 16.55 BST on BBC Radio Foyle and Radio Ulster, with podcasts available on the BBC Radio Foyle website.

A 30-minute radio documentary called ‘ The Day The Troubles Started’ will air on BBC Radio Foyle on Friday 5 October at 13.30 BST.