G20 Argentina: Rifts laid bare as world leaders meet

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Media captionPutin and the Saudi crown prince “high five” in Buenos Aires

World leaders have held the opening session of their annual G20 summit, with any number of disputes and disagreements on the table.

Host president, Argentina’s Mauricio Macri, said the solution was “dialogue, dialogue and dialogue” and called for a clear message of shared responsibility.

But US President Donald Trump has already cancelled meeting Russia’s Vladimir Putin over Ukraine.

And huge differences remain on climate change, trade and the Khashoggi affair.

The G20, made up of 19 of the world’s most industrialised nations plus the EU, accounts for 85% of the world’s economic output and two-thirds of the world’s population.

Its meetings, which began in 2008, are an opportunity for members to develop global policies tackling major issues – but many of the key decisions will be made in one-on-one encounters.

There is massive security for the summit in Buenos Aires, with a bank holiday declared for Friday and the city’s main business district shut down.

Protesters angry at the money spent on the summit while Argentina struggles through tough austerity demonstrated outside the meeting.

What have the opening exchanges told us?

The world leaders were all called on to the stage and assumed their position for the traditional family photograph.

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption The G20 photo ahead of Friday’s plenary session

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman stood on the outside of the photo, far away from Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

This is the crown prince’s first major diplomatic test since the murder in Turkey of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, a key critic of the government. Saudi Arabia has blamed “rogue agents” but suspicion has fallen on the prince for ordering the killing.

After the photo was taken, the crown prince did manage a hearty exchange with Mr Putin.

French President Emmanuel Macron held a five-minute exchange with the crown prince during which, a French official said, Mr Macron had conveyed “very firm” messages over the Khashoggi affair.

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How the story unfolded

Mr Trump had a “friendly meeting” with the crown prince, Saudi media said, although the president later said there had been “no discussion”.

UK Prime Minister Theresa May also met the crown prince. A Downing Street spokesman said the PM had “stressed the importance of ensuring that those responsible for the appalling murder of Jamal Khashoggi are held to account” and that “such a deplorable incident” should not happen again.

In addition Mrs May held a 15-minute meeting to discuss trade with Mr Macri. Their two nations have long disputed sovereignty of the Falkland Islands.

Mr Macri’s opening address to the summit admitted there would be issues of disagreement that needed to be managed.

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Media captionSo how does a G20 summit work?

He called for consensus on sustainable development, the future of work, food supply, climate change and international trade, adding: “I am an optimist”.

What will go on on the sidelines?

There are certain to be plenty of bilateral, trilateral or even larger get-togethers, although the one that will not be taking place is the highest-profile.

Mr Trump said he would not meet Mr Putin because three Ukrainian vessels and 24 sailors seized by Russia in the Black Sea near Crimea had not been returned.

“We don’t like what happened. Nobody does,” he said on Friday.

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Media captionWhy tensions between Russia and Ukraine are so high

Mr Putin’s spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, said Moscow regretted the decision. But he said: “If this is so, the president will have a couple of extra hours in the programme for useful meetings on the sidelines of the summit.”

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has blamed the crisis “entirely” on Russia and said she would raise the issue with Mr Putin.

The second-highest profile meeting will also involve Mr Trump. He will have dinner on Saturday with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping.

The key issue there will be the nations’ trade tariffs dispute.

The US has hit a total of $250bn (£196bn) of Chinese goods with tariffs since July, and China has retaliated by imposing duties on $110bn of US products.

China said consensus was increasing on a deal but that differences remained.

After earlier indicating pessimism on an agreement, Mr Trump said: “They want to and we’d like to. There are some good signs. We’ll see what happens.”

Mr Putin has also weighed in, with a thinly veiled attack on Mr Trump’s America First policy. The Russian president condemned “dishonest competition” along with “vicious” sanctions and protectionist measures.

The Brics group, comprising Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, issued a statement saying protectionism ran counter to the “spirit and rules of the World Trade Organization”.

What has been achieved so far?

Ahead of the summit’s official start Mr Trump signed a trade deal with the Mexican and Canadian leaders.

Mr Trump described the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) – which replaces the Nafta free trade deal – as “probably the greatest trade deal ever”.

“All of our countries will benefit greatly,” he said.

Will there be a joint G20 communiqué?

European diplomats told Associated Press there has been tough haggling over a final statement.

Argentine officials indicated differences on trade could be overcome.

However, that will still leave the obstacle of climate change.

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Media captionWhy have thousands of demonstrators been marching against the G20 summit in Buenos Aires?

Mr Trump has not hidden his objection to collective action on the issue.

UN chief Antonio Guterres said in Buenos Aires that “this is a make-it-or-break-it moment” on the issue.

President Macron was quoted by AFP news agency as saying he would refuse to sign a trade deal with South America’s Mercosur bloc if Brazilian President-elect Jair Bolsonaro withdrew from the Paris climate accord.



Alaska earthquake: Anchorage rocked by aftershocks

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Media captionA road buckled and buildings shook when the earthquake hit near Anchorage

A powerful 7.0 magnitude earthquake has struck Alaska, causing people to run from buildings and prompting a tsunami alert for coastal areas of the state.

The quake was centred about seven miles (11km) north of Anchorage, the largest city in the state, according to the US Geological Survey (USGS).

A series of aftershocks were recorded following the initial shock, which had a depth of 40.9km, the USGS said.

Around 300,000 people live in Anchorage with 100,000 in the surrounding area.

The earthquake was reported at 08.29 local time (17.29 GMT), the USGS added. One of the more powerful aftershocks that followed minutes later had a magnitude of 5.7.

So far, officials have registered 40 aftershocks: 10 with magnitudes above 4.0 and three with magnitudes above 5.0, the Alaska Earthquake Center reported.

“The aftershocks are nerve-wracking, but we want to stress that they are what we would expect for an earthquake like this,” the centre said in a tweet.

The quake was picked up by seismometers across the country in Boston, thousands of miles away.

The tsunami warning issued for the Cook Inlet and southern Kenai Peninsula regions has been cancelled.

Alaska’s Governor Bill Walker has issued a declaration of disaster.

President Donald Trump tweeted that the “great people of Alaska” have been “hit hard by a ‘big one'”.

An earthquake of magnitude 7.0 and higher can cause, at minimum, considerable damage in normal structures and can destroy poorly constructed structures, according to the USGS.

Officials are encouraging people to use social media and text messages to contact loved ones as phone lines may be overwhelmed.

“Stay off phone lines if you possibly can, we need phone lines open,” said Anchorage Fire Department Chief Jodie Hettrick. “Keep an eye on each other, check on your neighbours – especially if they are elderly or disabled.”

There are currently no reports of casualties.

Image copyright CBS News
Image caption KTVA’s newsroom in Anchorage was seriously damaged in the quake

Police and fire teams are coordinating with Alaska State Troopers and National Guard, according to police chief Justin Doll.

Around 10,000 residents are currently without power and there have been some reports of building and bridge collapses.

“Some of the damage is more obvious; some parts of the highway have sunken in and completely disappeared,” Chief Doll said. “We are assessing that – significant damage that will probably take a long time to repair.”

Footage and images posted on social media showed products scattered across floors of supermarkets with shelves collapsed and lighting damaged.

The quake has also caused roads to break apart and other structures to collapse. Locals have also shared images of buildings on fire in the aftermath.

Alaskan Senator Lisa Murkowski told reporters that damage in Anchorage could have repercussions throughout the state. She said she was worried about the situation.

“This was located in the very heart of the population centre,” the senator said, speaking in Washington DC.

“Anchorage is the regional hub for most of the goods that come to the state of Alaska – 85% of the goods – whether it’s your bread, your milk, your lettuce or your building supplies.”

Air and rail travel has been disrupted by the quake as well. One of the state’s largest internal airline services has suspended operations until midday, but the Anchorage Airport is still open.

Local resident Travis Starling told the BBC there is currently no power or water and most radio stations are off air as aftershocks continue.

Mr Starling said that at this time of year, the state sees only six hours of daylight – “We’re fortunate on timing… this happened just at sunrise.”

“The aftershocks of the one today have been worse than any earthquake I’ve ever been in before,” he said.

Former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin tweeted that her home was damaged in the quake.

The largest quake in US history occurred in Anchorage in 1964. The magnitude 9.2 quake was the second-largest ever measured, worldwide, and devastated the region.

Earthquakes are common in Alaska, which is part of the Ring of Fire region – a string of volcanoes, earthquake sites and tectonic plates around the Pacific stretching from South America to New Zealand.

  • Ring of Fire is active – but that’s normal

Most of Alaska’s quakes take place deep beneath the earth or far out at sea and do not cause major issues.



FA Cup: Solihull Moors goal disallowed against Blackpool

Midfielder Darren Carter plays a short corner and is ruled offside as National League Solihull have a goal disallowed against League One Blackpool.



Cameroon stripped of hosting 2019 Africa Cup of Nations

Caf president Ahmad says a new host will be determined by the end of the year

Cameroon have been stripped of hosting next year’s Africa Cup of Nations, says the Confederation of African Football.

African football’s governing body (Caf) says it is because of delays in the progress of Cameroon’s preparation for the tournament, due to start in June.

Officials made the decision at a meeting on Friday in Accra, Ghana, that lasted more than 10 hours.

Caf president Ahmad Ahmad says it will work to “determine a new organising country by the end of the year”.

In a statement, Caf said “a number of compliance conditions have not been met” and it did not want to expose the Africa Cup of Nations to “any issues that could impact on the success of the most prestigious African competition”.

Caf added postponing the tournament was not possible due to contractual commitments.

The tournament is set to be the first held in June and July and will be expanded from 16 to 24 teams.

Ahmad said last year that Cameroon still needed “to convince Caf of its ability” to host the event, with the country playing down fears sanctions would be imposed if preparations were deemed to be behind schedule.

But in August the chairman of Caf’s Nations Cup organising committee, Amaju Pinnick, said “nobody is going to take it away from Cameroon”.

BBC Sport understands Morocco – having stepped in to hold this year’s African Nations Championship after Kenya were deemed not ready – South Africa and Egypt are all under consideration as replacement hosts.

Caf added that “Cameroon remains a serious candidate to organise a future edition”.



Four-year-old girl saves mum’s life by calling 999

A four-year-old girl has saved her mum’s life by calling 999 when it was just the two of them at home.

Kaitlyn Wright rang an ambulance while her mother Charlene, who has fibromyalgia, was having multiple fits. Charlene’s condition means she is in constant pain and can have up to 40 seizures a week.

Kaitlyn told the call handler it was just her in their house in Askerswell, Dorset “and a dog and a kitten”.

Paramedics were dispatched and Mrs Wright recovered.



UK Championship: Ronnie O’Sullivan to adopt all or nothing approach

Ronnie O’Sullivan won four ranking tournaments last season
Betway UK Championship
Venue: York Barbican Dates: 27 November-9 December
Coverage: Watch live across BBC Two, BBC iPlayer, BBC Red Button, Connected TV, the BBC Sport website and mobile app from 1 December.

Ronnie O’Sullivan says he has employed an all-or-nothing approach for what remains of his snooker career.

The 42-year-old five-time world champion is chasing a record seventh UK Championship at the York Barbican.

O’Sullivan said it is the thought of adding to his 33 ranking-event wins keeping him motivated after his 6-1 first-round victory over Luke Simmonds.

“One day the best I am is not going to be good enough. Until then I will try to keep winning trophies,” he said.

“As long as I get a few Ws [wins] by my name at the end of the season then I will take 10 first-round losses and three trophies.

“I am not a quarter-finals man or a last-16 man.”

Two centuries in his routine win over amateur cueman Simmonds on Thursday means O’Sullivan is now just 20 away from 1,000 career centuries – a feat never achieved by any player before.

“The Rocket” is also level with Stephen Hendry on 18 Triple Crown titles – a figure he will surpass if he defends his crown in York.

He added: “I am not one of these guys that wants to go around collecting a few ranking points to stay in the 16.

“For me it is all about wins and there is probably only a handful in the game that have that attitude.

“Once the Ws dry up you won’t be seeing me around.”

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Nanny fundraiser cancer mum leaves ‘trove’ of memories

Lisa Foster and her three children Zach, Scarlett and Ruby Image copyright Foster family
Image caption Lisa Foster’s daughter Ruby (right) gave a speech at her mother’s funeral on Wednesday and was given a standing ovation by the 300 attendees

A terminally ill mother who raised more than £50,000 to pay for a nanny to take care of her three children has died.

Lisa Foster, 38, was diagnosed with stage four bowel cancer in May 2017.

Her husband Craig said she had left behind a “treasure trove” of videos for her children to view when they hit milestones in their lives.

The 49 clips include their favourite stories, plus greetings for their 18th birthdays, wedding days and first children.

Mr Foster said she had spent her final months preparing Ruby, eight, Zach, six, and two-year-old Scarlett for life without her.

She also left scrapbooks and recorded “pep talks” which would last “for decades into the future”, he said.

Image copyright Foster family
Image caption Mrs Foster hoped to see Scarlett’s first steps and Zach on his first day at school (photographed here), which she did. L to R: Craig, Zach, Scarlett, Lisa, and Ruby with nanny Jane Key

Mr Foster, from Duffield in Derbyshire, said his wife had reminisced about old times and told him to “man up” if he was feeling sorry for himself.

She also said he was doing a great job and not to doubt himself.

“It is only since she has gone we realised how much Lisa had done to prepare us for a world without her,” he said.

When she was diagnosed with cancer Mrs Foster started a blog, which has been read by thousands of people.

“The strange thing was, over time, there was something about her spirit, her attitude, the way which she was fighting, that it seemed to grow over time and [more] people discovered it,” said Mr Foster.

“The last blog post she wrote more than 10,000 people read, in Australia, the US, all over the place.

“Lots of people made life changes on the back of reading it, [they] ditched partners or quit their jobs, which was strange to read.

“There was something about her message which made you realise life is short and none of us know how long we’ve got.”

Image copyright Foster Family
Image caption Mrs Foster said in a blog post all she “ever wanted was to be a mum”

Her last blog post started, “All I ever wanted was to be a mum”, and went on to talk about the “untold rounds of IVF” she went through to conceive her children.

She described being a mum as the “best job in the world” and said it was “heartbreaking to now know I can’t finish the job for Ruby, Zach and Scarlett”.

Mrs Foster launched the fundraising page with the aim of collecting £50,000 to fund a nanny to take care of her children after her death.

She hit the target in just six days and eventually raised £62,000.

The nanny started in June and Mr Foster said there was enough money left to pay for another 18 months of full-time care.

Image copyright Foster family
Image caption Lisa Foster’s last blog post was read by her friends at her funeral on Wednesday

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Drag queen head teacher backed by school

Miss Tish Ewe Image copyright Tish Ewe/YouTube
Image caption According to social media, Miss Tish Ewe has performed in places including Cardiff, Bristol and Dundee

The owners of a school with a head teacher who performs a drag act have said the roles are not “incompatible”.

Andrew Livingstone, 39, is the head of Horatio House in Lound, Norfolk, and he also has a second job outside of work, as an entertainer called Miss Tish Ewe.

According to the Eastern Daily Press, his act contains explicit material.

Great Yarmouth Community Trust, which owns the school, said it had agreed guidelines with him to ensure “a separation between his two jobs”.

Mr Livingstone’s act is labelled on Twitter as “Queen of Quay Pride and Great Yarmouth!”, and boasts he has performed in places including Cardiff, Bristol and Dundee.

The teacher has received support on the social media site about his sideline.

Image copyright Tish Ewe/YouTube
Image caption Miss Tish Ewe typically performs in a blonde and pink wig

Mr Livingstone was appointed in July as the head of the independent school, near Lowestoft, and its proprietors said he brought “considerable expertise in education and school improvement to the trust”.

The school said his drag queen act came up during checks, but that it did “not believe that the two jobs are incompatible, and agreed with Mr Livingstone clear guidelines to ensure that there is a separation between his two jobs, including the use of social media in promoting his act”.

The trust said schools regulator Ofsted was “satisfied” with the separation of roles and there had been no direct complaints from parents.

Pupils from Norfolk and Suffolk attend the school, which is on the border of the two counties.

Both Norfolk and Suffolk county councils said they had not received any complaints.

However, the trust said that Norfolk County Council had had two complaints but it was “clear that the specific content being raised all pre-dates Mr Livingstone’s appointment as head teacher”.



UK government in Google bidding war with Brexit deal opponents

Phone with Brexit site

The government is paying to promote Theresa May’s Brexit deal on Google – but is facing a battle with opponents of the deal using very similar headlines.

The Cabinet Office says it will reveal how much is being spent to push the government’s message to the top of the rankings when people search “what is the Brexit deal?”.

However, we may not find out until after MPs vote on the deal next month.

And the government ad keeps being knocked off the top spot by a campaign group called “Britain’s Future”, which says May’s deal betrays Brexit.

The government page says “if we reject this deal, we will go back to square one”.

Image copyright Google
Image caption Two contradictory adverts about the Brexit deal

The two competing sites appear to have a similar look and feel when they appear in Google search results.

Google said this did not break the terms of conditions of its site – which routinely allocates the top search spot based on an ad auction.

Theresa May is going all out to sell her deal to the public before MPs – a majority of whom are thought to be against it – vote on 11 December.

How much is it costing the government?

The Cabinet Office does publish how much it spends on marketing government policies, for example it spent £44,219 on Facebook’s services in September.

But we are unlikely to know how much it has spent on promoting Theresa May’s deal on Google until after MPs have voted on it.

A government spokesperson said: “Communicating government policy effectively to the public is a core function of the Civil Service.

“We have reached a deal that is good for the UK, good for its citizens, and good for business and we will be communicating that to the country. Any costs associated with this will be published in the usual way.”

What do you see when you search for Brexit?

First, try yourself by clicking this link. Most people see a promoted link at the top of the results, clearly labelled “ad”.

This means somebody is paying for this site to be at the top of your results.

However, the advert you see will vary depending on the time of day and where you are in the world.

You might see this advert, for a page called “Brexit Deal Explained”, paid for by the government.

Image copyright Google
Image caption The government’s advert appears for some people

It links to a website called “Brexit Deal Explained” which sets out the government’s case for the EU withdrawal agreement – and warns about the dangers of a no-deal Brexit.

Image copyright
Image caption The government has set up a website promoting the deal

The website has video explainers about the deal as well as linking to key documents.

It also contains some supportive quotes (although this one falls rather short of a ringing endorsement).

Image copyright Joey D’Urso
Image caption An “endorsement” from a business leader

The government is also paying to promote the deal with videos on social media.

But not everyone sees the same thing

Some people get a different result when they Google the same phrase.

This sponsored result appears very similar but if you look closely you can see it says the deal “betrays Brexit”.

Image copyright Google
Image caption An advert for a website opposed to May’s deal

This article has been published by an organisation called “Britain’s Future” which says it is “dedicated to making a positive, optimistic case for Brexit”.

On the organisation’s homepage is a series of articles criticising May’s deal from a pro-Brexit perspective, arguing the deal does not deliver on the referendum result.

Britain’s Future has also put up several Facebook videos in recent days criticising May’s deal.

The site is run by Tim Dawson, a journalist who has written for right-leaning publications like the Telegraph and Spectator.

Tim Dawson, who described himself to the BBC as a “committed Brexiteer” said he had spent about £2,000 on his campaign.

“I’m raising small donations from friends and fellow Brexiteers”, said Mr Dawson, who added that he was not prepared to reveal the identity of those who had given money.

The homepage looks rather similar to the government’s one but says “the government has surrendered to the EU”.

Image copyright Britain’s Future
Image caption This page is opposed to Theresa May’s deal

The page has a video explainer giving the opposite perspective on May’s deal, giving reasons why it thinks the agreement is bad for the UK.

What about abroad?

When BBC journalists in other countries searched for the phrase they got different results, showing the two adverts above are targeted at Google users based in the UK.

Here is what comes up when you search for the phrase in Brussels.

Image copyright Google
Image caption What users in Brussels see

One sponsored result is for an organisation called KGH Customs, which says it “can provide you with the people, insights and services to streamline and add value to your customs procedures”.

Another is for the Centre for International Governance Innovation, a think tank based in Canada.

While the UK results are aimed at the general public, the Brussels adverts seem to be aimed at policy insiders.

Searching the same phrase in France and Germany, on the other hand, brings up an advert for Barclays Investment Bank.

Image copyright Google
Image caption This is what users in France see

Why do different people get different results?

Google says these are not targeted adverts where companies choose to push messages to particular audiences such as an age group or people living in a certain area of the country.

Targeted advertising, particularly on Facebook, has been a major – and controversial – feature of recent election campaigns in the UK and abroad.

Who spent what on Facebook during 2017 election campaign?

Google says the results appear differently for different people because of the “keyword bidding system”.

Image copyright Google
Image caption The ad is based on “current search terms”

Advertisers can choose to push messages based on searches for particular keywords such as “what is the Brexit deal”.

According to Google, when a customer searches for a term matching the keyword, “your ad can enter an auction to determine if it will show… Since the auction process is repeated for every search on Google, each auction can have potentially different results depending on the competition at that moment.”

This means two people sitting next to each other may see a different advert while searching the same thing despite the ads not being “targeted” as such – Google does not allow personalised advertising for political groups and other “prohibited categories”.

One peculiar outcome of this is that some Google users may see the two similar-looking adverts on top of each other – one supporting May’s deal and one opposing it.

Image copyright Google
Image caption Google users may see both ads at once



26-30 railcard: ‘I’ll be £450 worse off because of delay’

Clint Furnish estimates he will miss out on £450 in rail savings Image copyright Clint Furnish
Image caption Clint Furnish reckons he will miss out on £450 in savings after missing out on the 26-30 railcard by one day

The launch of the new 26-30 railcard has been delayed slightly, it was announced on Friday.

Millennials had been promised they could buy the popular discount card by the end of 2018 – but now the launch date has been moved to 2 January.

It is only a delay of a few days, but for people turning 31 during this time it means missing out on large savings.

Clint Furnish, from Crawley, turns 31 on New Year’s Day – so he will miss out on buying the railcard by just one day.

He estimates the discount pass – which offers one-third off most leisure fares – would have saved him around £450 a year, because of the regular journeys he makes to visit his partner in Stoke-on-Trent, plus other trips.

“I missed out only because they have changed their original promise,” he said, adding he feels “let down”.

“I was really looking forward to getting one as it would have helped me out so much. It means I’ll have to make less journeys then I had planned.”

Image copyright RDG
Image caption The new 26-30 railcard will go on sale to four million eligible passengers in January

Mr Furnish, who works as cabin crew for an airline, said the Rail Delivery Group – which runs the railcard – should make exceptions for the people who will turn 31 on 31 December, 1 January and 2 January.

“It’s not just because we’ll be too old. I understand there’s always a cut-off point – but if they tell you what that cut-off point will be and then change their mind, they should honour those affected.”

The Rail Delivery Group said they intended to launch the railcard by the end of the year but “given how timings have worked out this would mean launching it over a bank holiday”.

‘Terrible birthday present’

Andy Beall, who turns 31 in mid-December and so will also miss out on the railcard, criticised their statement, saying: “The bank holidays were always going to be there. It’s incredibly short-sighted.”

Mr Beall, who lives in Hampshire, had hoped the railcards might be released in time for him to get one, potentially saving him around £100 over the year.

He tried unsuccessfully to buy one during a trial in the spring when a limited 10,000 railcards were released and the ticket website crashed because of overwhelming demand.

Other people in similar situations also complained about the delay.

Hannah Asprey’s 31st birthday is on 2 January. On Facebook she wrote: “This will be a terrible birthday present for me given it was announced it would be available before the end of the year.”

BBC football commentator Vicki Sparks said on Twitter that the roll-out of the card had been “incredibly frustrating”.

When asked, the Rail Delivery Group did not directly respond to the question of whether exemptions would be given to people who turn 31 in the interim period of the delay.

But in a statement it said: “We intended to launch the 26-30 Railcard by the end of the year, given how timings have worked out this would mean launching it over a bank holiday.

“When the 26-30 Railcard goes on sale we want to be able to provide the best possible experience to our customers.

“Anyone who will no longer be eligible for the 26-30 Railcard, when it launches in January, can find out about the range of national and regional Railcards we have available on the National Rail website.”

The launch of the railcard was announced by the chancellor in the autumn 2017 Budget.

It was originally on sale on 6 December 2017 for 10,000 customers across the Greater Anglia network.

Then, in March 2018, another 10,000 were released to people UK-wide – enough for one in 500 of the eligible population. Demand was so high that the website suffered problems for hours.

It was then announced the railcard will be rolled out, unlimited, for everyone – the four million eligible passengers – by the end of 2018. The release date is now 2 January.

For a £30 fee, the new railcard offers one-third off most leisure fares for 12 months. However, anyone travelling before 10am on a weekday will have to pay a minimum fare of £12. This is the same restriction as on the 16-25 railcard.

The railcard is “digital only”, meaning that passengers will need a smartphone to download it. According to the website, anyone who is 26-30 can buy it up to and including the day before their 31st birthday.