White House Correspondents’ dinner: Michelle Wolf roasts Trump

President Trump was again the target of jokes at the annual White House Correspondents’ dinner.

Comedian Michelle Wolf, the host for the night, made controversial jokes at the annual dinner, which the president didn’t attend.

Mr Trump, whose wealth was mocked by Wolf, chose not to attend for the second year running.



Donald Trump renews criticism of ‘lousy’ London embassy

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Media captionTake a look around the new US embassy

Donald Trump has again criticised the new home of the US embassy in London, describing the south London location as “lousy” and “horrible”.

He spoke at a rally three months after saying the sale of the Grosvenor Square site in Mayfair was a “bad deal”.

The US president, who visits the UK in July, had blamed his predecessor, Barack Obama, but the move was agreed during George W Bush’s presidency.

The new embassy in Vauxhall cost $1bn (£730m) and holds 800 members of staff.

Mr Trump said he thought – but would have to check – that officials sold the previous site for $250m (£181m).

Speaking at a rally in Michigan, the president said: “In the UK, in London, we had the best site in all of London. The best site.

“Well, some genius said: ‘We’re gonna sell the site and then we’re going to take the money and build a new embassy.’

“That sounds good right, but you’ve got to have money left over if you do that, right?”

He added: “By the way, they wanted me to cut the ribbon on the embassy [in January] and I said: ‘I’m not going. I don’t wanna do it.'”

Mr Trump previously described the new site as an “off location”.

The building on the Mayfair site was never owned outright by the United States. It owned a 999-year leasehold, but the freehold is owned by Grosvenor Estates.

BBC diplomatic correspondent James Landale said the embassy was moved from its Mayfair site because it was too small to install the modern security it needed.

The new embassy in Vauxhall was opened on 16 January 2018.



The Papers: ‘Farewell’ Alfie Evans and Tory ‘sex probe’

Daily Star Sunday
Image caption “Goodnight our little gladiator,” reads the front page of the Daily Star Sunday, which leads on the death of toddler Alfie Evans. The front page features a farewell from his “heartbroken” parents.
The Sunday Telegraph
Image caption Communities Secretary Sajid Javid has told the Sunday Telegraph that his own family could have been caught up in the Windrush scandal and has pleaded with ethnic minorities not to shun the Conservatives. The front page also features a photo of people gathering to remember young Alfie Evans.
Sunday Express
Image caption The Sunday Express leads on an exclusive story about the SAS carrying out a secret run-through of May’s royal wedding. The dress rehearsal featured an SAS “hero” and his wife playing the roles of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle.
The Mail on Sunday
Image caption The Mail on Sunday leads on a story about a Tory whip allegedly destroying an official complaint made against Charlie Elphicke MP. Mr Elphicke strongly denies he groped a female aide, as claimed, while Julian Smith, the chief whip, has “vehemently denied any wrongdoing”.
Sunday Times
Image caption A Sunday Times investigation claims to have found evidence of Russian interference in the 2017 general election. The report says “robot Twitter accounts” rooted for Labour and attacked Tories.
The Observer
Image caption Home Secretary Amber Rudd should resign, Mayor of London Sadiq Khan writes in the Observer. The paper leads on Mr Khan’s reaction to Ms Rudd’s admission she did not read a memo sent to her department about migrant removal targets. The front page also features a story about the “dramatic fall” of home-owning young families.
Sunday People
Image caption The Sunday People leads on an “exclusive” story claiming NHS staff have been told not to attend to inmates at a prison in Stockton-on-Tees due to fears they could be exposed to “fumes” from the drug spice.

The home secretary is traditionally seen as one of the most difficult jobs in government – and the Sunday Times feels that Amber Rudd is now hanging on by a thread.

Looking ahead to her House of Commons statement on Monday, the paper argues that she needs to be authoritative and display a command of her briefing or, it concludes, she will be out.

The Sunday Mirror says that after being forced to make five public apologies last week, it is time for Ms Rudd to go.

Mayor of London Sadiq Khan, writing in the Observer, has also called for Ms Rudd to resign.

The Mail on Sunday believes her handling of the Windrush saga has not inspired confidence and she now looks a diminished figure.

The Sunday Telegraph urges the Conservatives to make amends for Windrush. The first thing they must do, suggests the paper, is to admit that the Home Office is not fit for purpose.

Image copyright EPA
Image caption The home secretary faced calls to quit in the Sunday papers

The Sunday Times highlights what it calls the first evidence of Russian attempts to influence the result of the last general election.

It says its research, in conjunction with Swansea University, discovered how more than 6,000 Russian Twitter accounts rallied behind Labour before the poll.

Brexit tension

Tensions at the heart of government over the Brexit negotiations are highlighted in the Mail on Sunday.

The paper reports that Brexit Secretary David Davis has demanded the resignation of Theresa May’s chief negotiator, Olly Robbins, who is said to be trying to drive through plans for a new customs partnership with the EU.

The Times says Mr Davis has told the prime minister that she should ignore Mr Robbins and start listening to the cabinet.

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The Sun feels the tragic death of Alfie Evans has touched the nation. It thinks there are real questions to be asked about who has the final say on treatment for terminally-ill children.

The Sunday Mirror acknowledges that his parents’ actions and the authorities’ decisions will divide people, but it also believes it is not the right time to examine what happened.

Supermarket merger

There is much analysis of the proposed merger between Asda and Sainsbury’s.

For the Sunday Telegraph it makes a lot of sense, and would be a neat exit for Asda’s American owners, Walmart.

The Financial Times says it comes at a time when retailers and grocers around the world are facing immense pressure from Amazon, which recently acquired the Whole Foods chain.



The shame felt by people who struggle to read and write

Reading illustration Image copyright Getty Images

When John Corcoran wrote about his experience of not being able to read or write until he was in his late forties, many readers sent emails saying that they too had literacy problems. Some described painful experiences at school, while others described hiding their inability to read and write through shame. Here is a selection of their stories.

I was in school during the 1980s and like John I was placed in the dunce class, which made my school life a living hell. I was a good kid who just wanted to get through the day and go home, but I didn’t fit in at all. When I graduated from school I had failed English, Maths, Science, History and Geography but I had scraped a GCSE C grade in woodwork. Aged 17 I decided to join the Royal Marines – thankfully academic accomplishment wasn’t high on their agenda, so training to be a commando wasn’t hindered by my poor reading and writing. But I still had to sit reading, writing and maths tests – I scored the lowest possible score which meant I could never be promoted. At the age of 24 I decided to leave but I was faced with a difficult situation – no qualifications. Thankfully the Marines offered me a fantastic opportunity to undertake an intensive GCSE English and Maths course. By this stage I’d matured enough to apply myself to successfully pass the course attaining two grade Cs – enough to become an NHS paramedic. Paramedic training was the beginning of my true education – I had to double my efforts to ensure I passed all the exams, often spending hours practicing writing and rewriting answers. My next big break came when I was offered me a place on a paramedic degree course and since then I have gone on to do several other university qualifications. Although I now consider myself a reasonably accomplished reader and writer I do still struggle. Recently I was reading a bedtime story to my son who noticed that I wasn’t as good a reader as his mother and that I still made mistakes. This kick-started a long conversation about me learning to read and write. I had never really shared my situation with either my son or my wife. Jonathan, Oxford, UK

I have quite a severe learning disability which in the 1960s was seen as being too lazy and stupid to learn. I was subjected to beatings and humiliation. Being told to stand in front of the class and hold open my exercise book and the class being encouraged to laugh at me was a regular occurrence. I left school with very little in the way of qualifications, still unable to write my name correctly, but I was able to get an apprenticeship into a job as a painter and decorator – I loathed it. A marriage, children, low pay and uninteresting work kept me in working poverty, with no practical way out. A messy divorce and social isolation had a significant impact upon my mental state. But then I read a book by the actress Susan Hampshire called Susan’s Story: My Struggle With Dyslexia. It helped me identify that I had a learning disability and gave me the motivation to get back into further education. Five years of study enabled me to gain an Higher National Certificate (HNC) and a route to a better job. Promotion after promotion followed. By the age of 49 I was running an organisation with a £30m turnover and 530 staff. But I decided to take early retirement at the age of 50 and focus my life on more self-improvement and putting something back into the community. I actually now read reasonably well, but find doing so exhausting as I have to concentrate quite hard. I also read quite slowly. My spelling and grammar are not top notch, but that’s a characteristic of me which I quite like. David, Birmingham, UK

At school my children were told they were lazy, didn’t try hard enough, and needed to set their expectations lower for academic success. They cried every day before school, and they would hide in the bathroom to avoid reading out loud because their peers would laugh at them. My second son exhibited all the warning signs of dyslexia, but wasn’t officially diagnosed until the 4th grade. The teachers kept telling me he was fine, progressing well enough, and that traditional reading strategies would eventually work but he was rapidly falling behind. It was with his dyslexia diagnosis that I realised that my husband is also dyslexic – it is inherited so it had to come from my husband or myself. My husband exhibits every symptom – his spelling is terrible, he has poor grammar, he consistently confuses words and the meanings of words, his reading is slow and choppy, and he struggles to put his thoughts on paper. He cheated his way through school and talked his way out of every situation he could. He still struggles with day-to-day activities that most people breeze through. My second dyslexic child was diagnosed in first grade. She was struggling with phonics, numbers, and spelling. She had previously loved school but had begun to hate it and would beg me not to make her go. My third dyslexic child has a much more moderate level of dyslexia than my other two. We are just finishing our third year of home-schooling and I am so proud of what our dyslexic children have accomplished. They are all above grade level and are truly brilliant kids who work hard and are anything but lazy or stupid. But I continually question whether or not I’m doing all I can do for my children and whether or not home-schooling is the best option for them. Kimberley, Florida, USA

I still remember a teacher telling me that I’d never amount to anything. I was put in the special needs class, but when the funding was cut we didn’t get any extra help and I left school with little. When my dad drove me to collect my exam results and I told him my grades, he said, “That wasn’t worth going for” (as in the entire time, not the journey on the day). It cut very deep, something I won’t forget. I bounced around jobs – I was a postman for three-and-a-half years and because I had grown up in the town where I did my post route I was familiar with where places were, even though I couldn’t read the addresses. Then one day in the snow I thought, “I can’t be a postman for my entire life.” Around this time, I was 22 or 23, my girlfriend said she thought I had some traits of dyslexia, so I went for a test and found out that I had the reading ability of a 13-year-old and the writing ability of an 11-and-a-half-year-old. I was upset and disappointed that it had never been picked up before. I went back to college then joined university as a mature student. I’m quite sociable and quietly confident and like John Corcoran I befriended girls, mates and randoms to survive. After two years of blagging and cheating I passed my Higher National Diploma (HND). My friends went on to do degrees but I knew my limits and had probably exploited all my friendships and opportunities. Since then I have progressed well, job on job, and I try to make relationships with people who want to help me. I’ve only been transparent with one boss but I’ve shared my problem with many other people – some believe me, most don’t. I read to my daughter a lot – I try to make it as fun as possible and do all the different voices, because I didn’t find reading fun when I was young, I couldn’t do it. I’m 40 now and I’m proud of what I’ve achieved but I am still bitter that as a child I didn’t get the help I needed. Rob, Worcestershire, UK

During nursery and primary school I struggled with the basics of reading and writing due to an undiagnosed hearing problem which affected my concentration. At secondary school my mum hired a private tutor for me which helped, but, like John Corcoran, I became a master at hiding my inability to properly read or write. I had such low confidence I found it easier to hide my illiteracy rather than pluck up the courage to ask for help, mainly through fear of being labelled “stupid” by other kids. After leaving school I felt so inadequate. I went for jobs that enabled me to hide my secret – which in turn lead to a deep sense of unfulfilment in life. I worked as a shop assistant and as a postman, and although these jobs required some level of reading and writing, I just became quite skilled at finding ways of dealing with situations that potentially called my literacy into question. I’m 39 now and my literacy has improved massively in my adult years. I read a lot, did some night school classes and re-took a couple of GCSEs. But I lack confidence and I still try to avoid situations where I have to spell in front of people – it’s almost like a mental block, I just can’t do it. James, London, UK

If you know someone who needs help

  • John Corcoran set up a foundation in his name to help adults and children with literacy skills – in California and online
  • In the UK the National Literacy Trust website lists organisations that promote adult literacy
  • These include Read Easy and the Reading Agency

I was educated at top universities on three different continents, I comprehend complex medical writings very well and passed my medical licensing exams in two countries, I can read quietly in my head – but I can’t read aloud. I had a chaotic childhood and my classrooms were crowded so the teachers didn’t have the time or energy to teach individual students how to read. Later on in life I compensated for that. I studied hard and passed with high grade point averages but I still feel that my foundation is weak. I think I am a smart person – I helped my peers in medical school with their school work and I speak two European languages, I have written lead articles in scientific and social sciences journals and went through medical school without cheating. I read extensively and promiscuously, so, I know a bit of everything. I am just afraid of reading aloud in public settings because I know I can’t read like others. If I have to read aloud I memorise the full text – medical school is all about memorising, which I know how to do very well – or I read short phrases from a PowerPoint presentation. My girlfriend has a PhD, she’s a professor. She thinks I am the smartest person in the world but she doesn’t know this weakness. I attempted telling her that I can’t read once but she ignored me and thought that I was being silly. I have always kept my secret. Maybe one day I will attempt to ask my girlfriend for help. Anonymous, USA

My reading began to fall behind in 8th grade, but I got through high school and college and even graduate school. I could read plays – there are no unnecessary adjectives so I could follow the plot – and I got a master’s degree in theatre. I worked really, really, really hard – I didn’t want to cheat. But there wasn’t a word for my inability to read. Once when I worked at a university I was in charge of designing invitations and sending them out for fundraising events. Even though I proof-read the copy, I transposed the telephone number for RSVPs. The phone rang in a boiler building on campus where two engineers who only spoke Mandarin worked. For two weeks I had to go to the boiler building and climb a ladder to reach the room where the phone rang. It wasn’t until I started working and doing on-air work – I work for the Voice of America – that I realised I still couldn’t read. I would go over it two or three times out loud before when I went on the air. When I was the White House correspondent for a US TV show I would read an article five times, underlining all the pertinent parts. Then I would go back and read everything I had underlined so I would know what the story was about. Later I got tested and found out that I had all sorts of dyslexic problems and I also had amblyopia [a vision development disorder also known as lazy eye]. The amblyopia was cured and I no longer have that, but I am still a very slow reader and I rarely read books. It was such a relief to find out I had a form of dyslexia – I have never made it secret. It explained everything. Having an undiagnosed disability affects one’s self-esteem. Carol, Virginia, USA

You may also like:

John Corcoran grew up in New Mexico in the US during the 1940s and 50s. One of six siblings, he graduated from high school, went on to university, and became a teacher in the 1960s – a job he held for 17 years. But he hid an extraordinary secret.

Read: ‘I was a teacher for 17 years, but I couldn’t read or write’

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16-year-old creates art from used lottery scratch cards

Artwork showing Swaledale sheep Image copyright James Owen Thomas
Image caption James Owen Thomas uses discarded scratch cards in his work

An artist has produced a series of images all made from discarded scratch cards.

James Thomas, 16, said he had the idea for the works after seeing a card floating in a puddle.

His mosaic-style collages feature scenes from the Yorkshire Dales, where he now lives, and his native East Sussex.

The teenage artist said as far as he is aware he is the only person doing this kind of work.

Image copyright James Owen Thomas
Image caption His work features wildlife, but he has also composed landscape images and other subjects

“Four years ago, I came across a discarded scratch card floating in a puddle of water,” he said.

“I then began to see how scratch cards were littering our streets and parks and thought I have to do something about this, so started picking them up.”

You might also like:

Image copyright James Owen Thomas
Image caption The teenage artist said some pieces can take months to complete

The youngster, who said he is inspired by David Hockney, now has thousands of scratch cards, which he keeps for future works.

He now plans to produce an image of his great grandfather, which has been a challenge because of the difficulties of finding cards that provide a good match for human skin tone.

Image copyright Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority
Image caption Some of his work is currently on show at the Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority offices in Bainbridge



Sainsbury’s and Asda in merger talks

Asda and Sainsbury's signs Image copyright Getty Images

Merger talks between British supermarket chains Sainsbury’s and Asda are at an “advanced” stage, Sainsbury’s has confirmed.

The two brands are expected to be retained should a merger go ahead.

Sainsbury’s and Asda – the UK arm of Walmart – are the second and third largest supermarkets in the UK.

The combined group would comprise 2,800 stores and would represent around 30% of the UK grocery market – similar to that of market leader Tesco.

‘Game changer’

“Sainsbury’s confirms that it and Walmart Inc. are in advanced discussions regarding a combination of the Sainsbury’s and Asda businesses,” a statement from the supermarket said.

A further announcement is expected on Monday morning.

Richard Lim, from economics research consultancy Retail Economics, said the merger would be a “game changer in the UK grocery market of epic proportions”.

“The potential tie-up would see the combined business take Tesco head-on,” he added.

George MacDonald, editor of Retail Week, said the grocery industry had been shaken up by low-cost supermarkets such as Aldi and Lidl.

“So maybe this type of mega deal will get the go ahead by the Competition and Markets Authority,” he said.

“This is quite audacious by Sainsbury’s – given it has only recently bought Argos. It’s symptomatic though of the restructuring of the supermarket industry.”

Sainsbury’s took over catalogue retailer Argos and Habitat for £1.4bn in 2016.

In 2017, Tesco merged with Booker – the UK’s largest food wholesaler.

‘Different customers’

Analysis, by BBC business editor Simon Jack

Image copyright Reuters

The two parties realise that the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) will have some serious questions to ask.

Sainsbury’s concedes that some store disposals will be required to satisfy them, so the 30% market share figure may well go down.

Having said that, sources close to the deal say the market has changed in the last few years and point to the Tesco Booker merger as evidence that the CMA understands that.

Sainsbury’s is continuing to integrate Argos into its network and sees an opportunity to roll out Argos in Asda stores.

The two brands will be retained as they appeal to a different customer but they see a good geographical fit, with Asda stronger in the north and Sainsbury’s in the south.

Asda was founded in Yorkshire in 1965. It was bought by US retail giant Walmart in 1999.

The first ever Sainsbury’s store opened in 1869 in London’s Drury Lane.



Hemel Hempstead autopilot Tesla seat switch driver banned

Driver in passenger seat of Telsa Image copyright Herts Police
Image caption PC Kirk Caldicutt said what Bhavesh Patel did was “grossly irresponsible and could have easily ended in tragedy”

A driver who moved into the passenger seat after putting his electric car into autopilot while at 40mph on a motorway has been banned from driving.

Bhavesh Patel, 39, of Alfreton Road, Nottingham, pleaded guilty to dangerous driving at St Albans Crown Court.

A witness in another car filmed him sitting in the passenger seat of his Tesla S 60 on the M1 between junctions 8 and 9 near Hemel Hempstead.

Patel said he was the “unlucky one who got caught”, the court was told.

The footage was posted on social media before it was reported to the police.

Image copyright Herts Police
Image caption Witnesses said the traffic was heavy and the vehicle must have been going at about 40mph

The court heard Patel told officers what he had done was “silly” but his car was capable of something “amazing” when he was interviewed at Stevenage Police Station.

He added he was the “unlucky one who got caught”.

A statement provided by a Tesla engineer said the autopilot was intended to provide assistance to a “fully-attentive driver”, the court heard.

PC Kirk Caldicutt from Hertfordshire Police said: “What Patel did was grossly irresponsible and could have easily ended in tragedy.

“He not only endangered his own life but the lives of other innocent people using the motorway on that day.”

Patel was disqualified for 18 months and must do 100 hours of unpaid work.

He was also told to pay the Crown Prosecution Service costs of £1,800.



Amber Rudd ‘made a mistake but didn’t mislead’

Amber Rudd Image copyright PA

Senior Tories have rallied around Amber Rudd, amid criticism for her failure to know specific migrant removal targets.

The home secretary said she had not seen a memo leaked to the Guardian suggesting she knew of the objectives.

Justice Secretary David Gauke said Ms Rudd “made a mistake but didn’t knowingly mislead” while Environment Secretary Michael Gove pointed to the vast sum of emails ministers receive.

But shadow home secretary Diane Abbott continued to call for Ms Rudd to quit.

“I am just surprised that she doesn’t seem to take the issue seriously enough to offer her resignation,” she told Radio 4’s Today programme.

Ms Abbott said it was the decision to set a numerical target for removing illegal immigrants that contributed to problems faced by the Windrush generation, where Commonwealth citizens, who came to Britain in the decades after World War Two were wrongly targeted.

“The danger is that very broad target put pressure on Home Office officials to bundle Jamaican grandmothers into detention centres,” she said.

Some of the Windrush generation have been threatened with deportation, lost their jobs or been refused access to medical treatment.

Their plight has sparked a storm of criticism for the government, with Prime Minister Theresa May apologising for their treatment.

Ms Rudd faced calls to resign from her position as home secretary after telling MPs earlier this week there had been no targets for migrant removal then later admitting “local” targets existed.

But in a series of late night tweets on Friday, she apologised, saying that although her office had been copied into the document she did not see it herself.

The memo, seen by the Guardian, from June 2017 set out Home Office targets for achieving 12,800 “enforced returns” in 2017-18. It also said targets had been exceeded for “assisted returns”.

She is expected to make a statement in the House of Commons on Monday to respond to what she called “legitimate questions” about illegal migration.

Media playback is unsupported on your device

Media captionAmber Rudd “can’t be held responsible for a document she didn’t see”

Analysis: Rudd’s position ‘far from solid’

By Jonathan Blake, BBC political correspondent

One by one cabinet ministers have offered support to their colleague Amber Rudd.

After a tense few hours on Friday evening when her position seemed to be uncertain, there is now an effort to rally round the home secretary.

She has given an explanation and an apology, and for MPs in her own party and the prime minister, that would appear to be enough.

To lose Amber Rudd would leave Theresa May further exposed to criticism of her own record at the home office. It would also upset the delicate balance of opinions on Brexit in cabinet with crunch votes on the government’s policy looming at Westminster.

But the home secretary’s position is far from rock solid. She has promised a statement to parliament on Monday. For Amber Rudd it may feel like a very long weekend.

The chair of the home affairs select committee, Yvette Cooper, has said “serious questions” need to be answered when Ms Rudd returns to the committee to give further evidence.

“We have obviously been given inaccurate information to Parliament twice now,” she said.

Asked whether ministers could cite the volume of emails received as an excuse, Ms Cooper said a “huge amount” of documents are received but systems had to be in place.

Media playback is unsupported on your device

Media captionA look back at life when the Windrush generation arrived in the UK

The environment secretary said that if these memos were not brought to the home secretary’s attention that was “regrettable”.

Michael Gove told Radio 4’s Today: “There are hundreds of documents which are copied in to a secretary of state’s office every day and week.

“She was very clear both in her apology and also in the fact that this specific document wasn’t placed in her box, wasn’t brought to her attention. It wasn’t a matter for decision.”

Justice Secretary David Gauke told the programme that Ms Rudd is an “excellent” home secretary.

“She has accepted that she made a mistake, she didn’t knowingly mislead the House of Commons, but she accepted she was inaccurate in her statements.

“She’s coming back to the House of Commons on Monday to correct the record.”

Under the Ministerial Code, if any minister “knowingly” misleads Parliament they are expected to resign.

Downing Street has already pledged its support to Ms Rudd, saying the prime minister has “full confidence” in her.

The six-page document, from Immigration Enforcement Agency boss Hugh Ind, states: “IE has set a target of achieving 12,800 enforced returns in 2017-18, aided by the redistribution of resources towards this area.

“This will move us along the path towards the 10% increased performance on enforced returns, which we promised the home secretary earlier this year.”

It adds: “We have exceeded our target of assisted returns. We set an internal target of 1,250 of these returns for 2016-17… we delivered 1,581.”



World Snooker Championship 2018: Barry Hawkins beats Lyu Haotian to reach last eight

Barry Hawkins is ranked sixth in the world
2018 World Championship
Venue: Crucible Theatre, Sheffield Dates: 21 April – 7 May
Coverage: Watch live across BBC One, BBC Two, BBC Red Button, Connected TV, the BBC Sport website and mobile app.

Former runner-up Barry Hawkins survived a scare to beat debutant Lyu Haotian 13-10 and reach the quarter-finals of the World Championship.

China’s Lyu recovered from 4-0 and 8-3 down to level the contest at 10-10, but missed chances allowed Englishman Hawkins to win three frames in a row.

“He just kept potting balls and did not look flustered. I could not shake him off,” said Hawkins.

He faces China’s Ding Junhui or Scot Anthony McGill in the last eight.

A superb match featured four centuries for Hawkins and two for Lyu, while they shared 13 further breaks of 50 or more.

Hawkins lost in the first round at the Crucible on his first five appearances, but has reached the last eight in the past six years.

“I am really pleased,” he added. “It was a really good standard. He would not go away.

“It is a great feeling to get to the quarter-finals and it is an unbelievable place to play. There is no better place to play. My focus seems to be better here and I get up for it more.”

Lyu said: “I had a very good result here (against Marco Fu) but a lack of experience in shot selection and poor safety cost me the match. I am going to go away and work on those.”

In a repeat of the 2008 and 2012 finals, five-time champion Ronnie O’Sullivan resumes his second-round contest at 14:30 BST, trailing 9-7 against Ali Carter.



Korea summit: When war ends but peace is out of reach

Brig Jean Allard, commanding officer of the Canadian Brigade, breaks the news of a truce in the Korean war to Col K L Campbell, commander of the 3rd battalion of the RCRS, on 2 August 1953 Image copyright Fox Photos
Image caption After millions of deaths, the Korean war finally ended indecisively with an armistice in August 1953, but to this day no peace treaty has been reached

More than six decades after the guns fell silent at the end of three years of bloody combat on the Korean peninsula, the two Koreas remain in a technical state of war.

Hostilities were ended with an armistice and no peace treaty has ever been signed – although with the recent declaration of a “new era” in relations, that may now be in prospect.

In fact, there are many examples – both historical and contemporary – where physical conflict has stopped but achieving a legal state of peace has proved elusive.

Some might surprise you.

Russia and Japan

The Soviet government declared war on Japan just days before Japan surrendered at the end of World War Two, in August 1945. It went on to annex the Kuril Islands that lie between Japan and Kamchatka in eastern Russia.

Those islands are still the obstacle to agreeing a peace treaty. Russia says its sovereignty over the islands was recognised in post-war agreements, but Japan refuses to renounce its claim to them.

The Soviet Union did not sign the 1951 peace treaty between Japan and the Allied Powers. It did sign a joint declaration ending the state of war and restoring diplomatic relations with Japan in 1956, but the territorial issues have stymied the conclusion of a formal peace treaty.

  • The islands in the way of WW2 peace deal between Russia and Japan

Allies of World War Two and Germany

Germany surrendered to its Allied enemies in May 1945. But because it went on to be partitioned between the victorious powers, there was no single German state that they accepted as being the sole representative of the former Reich.

With the onset of Cold War hostilities, the war technically did not finish until German reunification in 1990.

  • The German schoolboy jailed for writing to the BBC
  • Why unification was achieved in Germany

The state of war is said to have provided the US with the legal basis for stationing troops in Western Germany.

Montenegro and Japan

It took Montenegro nearly a century to make peace with Japan, after it supported Russia in the 1904-05 Russo-Japanese war, which ended in a surprise victory for Japan.

When Russia and Japan signed a peace treaty, Montenegro was forgotten and following the tumult of World War One, Montenegro became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and later Yugoslavia.

It was only in 2006, when Montenegro declared itself independent once again, that it finally agreed the peace deal enabling it to establish diplomatic relations with Japan.

The Netherlands and the Isles of Scilly (UK)

While some states of war endure for decades, others have lasted centuries – although, in this case, the state of war was entirely forgotten about.

The war has its roots in 1651 at the end of the English Civil War, when the Dutch fleet sided with the Parliamentarians and demanded reparation for the damage to their fleet by Royalist artillery, based in Scilly.

Image copyright Central Press
Image caption There were jokes all round when the Dutch ambassador to the UK, Jonkheer Huydecoper, finally signed a peace treaty with the Isles of Scilly after a 335-year “war”

No reparations were made so, as most of England was in Parliamentarian hands, the Dutch specifically declared war on the Scilly Isles, accounts suggest. When the Parliamentarians took the islands, the Dutch left and no peace treaty was ever signed.

Three hundred and thirty-five years later in 1986, this fact was uncovered by Scilly islander and keen historian Roy Duncan, resulting in a visit to the islands by the Dutch ambassador to sign a peace treaty.

How harrowing it must have been for the Scilly islanders, the ambassador Jonkheer Huydecoper joked, “to know we could have attacked at any moment”.

Ancient Rome and Carthage

Going further back, in ancient times Rome and Carthage never agreed to peace after the Romans seized and destroyed Carthage at the end of the Punic wars in 146 BC.

Image copyright Hulton Archive
Image caption An illustration of Carthagenian Gen Hannibal crossing the Rhone with his elephants during the Punic Wars with the Roman Empire two millennia ago

More than 2,100 years later in 1985, the mayors of modern Rome and Carthage municipality – a modern-day suburb of Tunis – signed a peace treaty and an accompanying pact of friendship.