Senior detectives chose not to intervene after officers saw a boy enter the house of a known paedophile, a watchdog has confirmed.
Police were carrying out surveillance of Dominic Noonan, a Manchester gangland figure, when they saw the teenager enter his home in 2011.
They contacted their Greater Manchester Police superiors but were told not to act, The Times reported.
Greater Manchester Police said: “There was no case to answer for misconduct.”
In February 2011, the force conducted a covert investigation into Noonan when officers “witnessed the suspect enter a premises with two young people and remain there for a substantial period of time”, the Independent Office for Police Conduct (IOPC) said.
The officers chose to continue their observation, the watchdog said.
It added: “Officers involved in the operation did not intervene.
“However, there was no suggestion at the time, or since, that anyone was harmed during the meeting.”
In 2016, an IOPC report concluded the decision to not intervene by the two detectives leading the investigation “was in line with the investigative strategy” but “could amount to misconduct”.
It said “potential risks had been highlighted prior to the surveillance operation” but “there were some deficiencies in the planning of the operation”.
Greater Manchester Police held a formal misconduct meeting in 2017 when they found “there was no case to answer for misconduct and recommended both officers’ actions should be dealt with as a performance matter with appropriate action plans”.
Noonan, who was the subject of a 2007 feature documentary film A Very British Gangster, was jailed for nine and half years for firearms offences in 2005.
He was then sentenced to nine years in 2015 for arson, conspiracy to blackmail and perverting the course of justice.
In May, he was jailed for a further 11 years for various child sexual offences, including indecent assault and inciting a child to sexual activity, committed between 1980 and 2012.
He chose to be referred to as Domenyk Lattlay-Fottfoy during the Manchester Crown Court trial last month.
His brother, the gangland leader Desmond “Dessie” Noonan, was murdered in 2005 days before a Channel 5 documentary was broadcast in which he boasted he had “more guns than the police”.
England 160-5 (20 overs): Beaumont 71, Knight 35*, Ismail 2-27
South Africa 166-4 (19.3 overs): Lee 68, Luus 63*, Shrubsole 2-24
South Africa won by six wickets
South Africa earned their first win of the women’s tri-series, and only their second over England in the Twenty20 format, in dramatic fashion at Taunton.
While never threatening to match the record 250 score they made against the Proteas on Wednesday, England posted 160-5 thanks to Tammy Beaumont’s 71.
But they were left to rue a number of dropped catches as opener Lizelle Lee smashed 68, including six sixes.
Sune Luus’ unbeaten 63 saw them home by six wickets with three balls to spare.
England now host New Zealand at the same venue at 17:40 BST – and will hope not to emulate the Proteas, who suffered back-to-back defeats on Wednesday when it was their turn to play two games in a day.
Lee and Luus benefit from loose fielding
Anya Shrubsole had struck an early blow, bowling Laura Wolvaardt for a golden duck in the first over, but Lee and Luus profited from England’s occasionally haphazard fielding to share a second-wicket stand of 103 – South Africa’s highest T20 partnership against England.
Lee will again attract criticism for her role as stand-in wicketkeeper after fumbling an easy chance to stump Sarah Taylor, although she did complete her first dismissal of the tour by stumping Katherine Brunt late in England’s innings.
However, Lee’s powerful hitting as an opener in this format has never been questioned – and she set the tone by helping the first ball of the innings from Shrubsole away for four down the leg side, before lifting Brunt’s first delivery for six backward of square leg.
The right-hander continued to pepper the legside boundary, but was dropped four times – on 14, 24, 41 and 50.
By the time her 37-ball knock was ended, South Africa still needed 52 from 47 balls, but that was the cue for Luus to show what she had failed to deliver so far on the tour.
After scores of 0, 2, 0, 0 and 3 not out in her first five innings in England, Luus owed her promotion to number three to the late withdrawal of Stacy Lackay through illness just before the toss,
But the 22-year-old played a mature innings, supporting Lee well before nervelessly seeing her side home – with nine runs needed from the last over, she hit Brunt for two fours and a six.
Beaumont leads the way for England again
While it was a bad day for England in the field, coach Mark Robinson will take heart from how opener Beaumont’s purple patch with the bat has continued, even though the team as a whole failed to hit a single six.
After back-to-back centuries in the last two one-day internationals against South Africa, Beaumont then flogged the Proteas for 116 from 52 balls on Wednesday.
Although this innings – 71 from 59 – was more measured, it contained plenty of invention as the Kent right-hander swept, reverse-swept, ramped and scooped her way past 50 again.
While a fourth successive hundred looked out of reach as the final overs approached, Beaumont once again provided the backbone for England’s innings, aided by some sensible batting from captain Heather Knight, who helped herself to 35 not out from 20 balls.
Anya Shrubsole (2-24) was again England’s most economical bowler, helping to take the game to the last over, while teenage spinner Sophie Ecclestone (2-35) bounced back well after taking some early punishment.
‘South Africa made us pay’ – what they said
England captain Heather Knight on Sky Sports: “Credit to South Africa, they hit the ball well and made us pay for those dropped chances. I thought our score was slightly above par but we made a few errors in the field.”
South Africa skipper Dane van Niekerk on Sky Sports: “I’m very relieved – we were hit all over the place the other day but the bowlers came back well. Sune Luus batted a good two hours in the nets yesterday and her hard work paid off today.”
BBC Test Match Special commentator Natalie Germanos: “Just about everything has gone right for South Africa. There have been one or two glitches, but for them to come back after those two huge defeats on Wednesday was something very special.”
Italy said it will seize two migrant rescue ships in the Mediterranean, amid a deepening row over migrants.
Two German NGO ships carrying migrants “will be seized” to determine their legal status.
The move comes as French President Emmanuel Macron attacked the “leprosy” of anti-EU feeling, angering Italy’s new populist government.
Italy sparked the fresh row earlier this month when it refused to take in the Aquarius rescue ship.
Carrying 630 migrants rescued off the North African coast, the ship eventually sailed to Spain after being turned away by both Italy and Malta.
Who is responsible for migrants at sea?
EU migration: Crisis in seven charts
Leaders from 10 EU member states will meet in Brussels on Sunday to discuss how best to stem the flow of migrants to the bloc.
The Italian government earlier said it will not sign up to any EU plan unless it makes helping Italy a priority, while Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary – known as the Visegrad Group – said they will boycott the talks.
The UN refugee agency on Thursday said it was “shocked and saddened” by the recent drowning of 220 people off the coast of Libya, and called for urgent action.
Relations will be further strained after President Macron’s comments.
In a speech in Brittany, Mr Macron said anti-EU feeling was rising “a bit like a leprosy all across Europe”, including in “neighbouring countries” – without specifically naming any one nation.
“They’re saying the worst things, and we’re getting used to it,” he said.
Deputy Italian prime minister and leader of the populist Five Star movement Luigi Di Maio tweeted in Italian that Mr Macron’s words were “offensive and misplaced”, saying that “true leprosy” is when countries turn back migrants and then “preach to us” about calls for them to redistributed to other EU states.
Why is Italy seizing the ships?
The two ships, Lifeline and Seesuchs, belong to the German body Mission Lifeline.
According to the NGO, Lifeline rescued 224 migrants off the coast of Libya on Thursday morning.
Italy’s interior minister and leader of the right-wing League party, Matteo Salvini, said on Facebook the ship should “go to Holland”, as it was said to be flying under a Dutch flag, and should not dock in Italy.
However, the Dutch delegation to the EU later clarified in a tweet that the ships are not registered in the Netherlands, and not flying under its flag.
Italy’s Infrastructure Minister Danilo Toninelli later said the ship broke the law by taking the migrants even though the Libyan coastguard had already intervened.
He said Italy would seize both the Lifeline and the Seesuchs to determine their legal status, and said Italy would “once again save the migrants”.
Mission Lifeline later posted an image on Twitter of a registration document they say proves the ships sail under the Dutch flag.
Why the tough words from Italy?
Italy’s new coalition government wants to deport half a million undocumented migrants, many of whom are housed in squalid reception centres. More than 600,000 have reached Italy from Libya in the past four years.
Speaking on Italy’s Rai national TV, Mr Salvini said it was “unacceptable” to be told “we will help you in one or two years, while you keep those who arrive and we will send you others”.
Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte says measures to curb the flow of migrants to Italy from North Africa are the priority – not transfers of migrants from one EU country to another.
Among them are refugees from the war in Syria or other conflicts, who generally have a right to asylum.
Why doesn’t the EU stop the boats coming?
Italian warships are spearheading Operation Sophia, an EU anti-smuggler mission patrolling a vast area off the Libyan coast.
The EU has stepped up co-operation with the Libyan coastguard to intercept migrant boats. But people-smuggling gangs have flourished in Libya’s chaos, charging desperate migrants thousands of dollars per head.
The EU Commission has proposed “regional disembarkation platforms” in North Africa, where the UN and other agencies could screen those who have a genuine claim to asylum in Europe. Those not eligible would be offered help to resettle in their home countries.
But processing centres outside the EU must not become a “Guantanamo Bay” for migrants, EU Migration Commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulos warned.
The EU also aims to increase its Frontex border guard force to 10,000 staff by the end of 2020.
The EU’s controversial Dublin Regulation states that an asylum seeker’s claim should usually be handled by the country where she or he first arrives.
The regulation – currently under review – enables EU countries to deport asylum seekers to the country where they first landed. Italy and Greece object to that policy, saying they are shouldering an unfair burden.
The Pentagon has been asked to supply up to 20,000 beds at old military bases for migrant children held after illegally entering the US.
Beds will be for migrant children who crossed the border unaccompanied, as well as those separated from parents.
The moves follow President Donald Trump’s reversal of the controversial separation policy.
First Lady Melania Trump visited a facility for migrant children in Texas saying she wanted to reunite families.
Migrant families separation: The big picture explained
Melania wears ‘I really don’t care’ coat
But her visit to the facility for young migrants was thrown into controversy after she was photographed wearing a jacket with the words “I really don’t care do u?” as she boarded the plane to Texas.
Plans for accommodating migrant children at military bases first came to light in May. Emails seen by US media revealed the bases would house minors who have crossed into the US without an adult relative as well as those who have been separated from their parents at the border.
President Trump says he has directed agencies to begin reuniting children and parents separated after entering the US illegally.
At least 2,300 children have been taken from their parents since 5 May after entering the country without documentation at the US-Mexico border.
While the adults are held in custody pending court appearances, the children are being sent to holding cells, converted warehouses and desert tents under the “zero tolerance” policy introduced in April.
Officials have also gone to court to try to lengthen the time children can be held as parents are prosecuted.
A vote on a Republican bill on immigration has been postponed until at least Friday as it does not have enough support in the House of Representatives.
Mr Trump had said that only Congress could resolve the issue of separated families but on Wednesday he signed an executive order to keep children with their families but in detention.
What does Trump’s executive order say?
The president’s executive order says adults who illegally enter the US with children still face prosecution. It also calls for:
Immigrant families to be detained together while their legal cases are considered
Expediting immigration cases involving families
Agencies, including the Pentagon, to construct facilities or make existing facilities available “for the housing and care of alien families”
What about the court case?
A ruling known as the Flores Settlement dating from 1997 places a limit of 20 days on the detention of migrant children – with their families or alone.
The Justice Department is now going to court in California to seek a modification to that limit, as the president’s executive order requests.
But analysts say it is unlikely the limit on detaining minors can be overturned within the next 20 days.
Psychological impact on separated children
Who decided to take the children away?
‘I never heard from my son’
Guatemalan undocumented immigrant Beata Mejia Mejia is suing the US government for allegedly violating her human rights when they took away her son, Darwin, after she crossed the US border.
After nearly two weeks in detention in Arizona she says she asked for her son and was given a phone number.
“I rang and rang and they never answered,” she says, “I never heard from my son.”
She told the BBC she was finally allowed to speak to him by phone after being freed on bail paid for by her lawyers on 15 June once her asylum bid was allowed to go ahead.
“I sensed he was very sad,” she says. “Like all mothers, I know my children, and I felt he’s not well.”
The rise of cheap, disposable clothes and their impact on the environment will be investigated by MPs.
‘Fast fashion’, worn a few times before being dumped, can add to landfill, release toxic chemicals in production and plastic fibres in the wash.
The Commons environmental audit committee will look at how the industry could be made more sustainable.
The latest report by campaigners Wrap suggests that about 300,000 tonnes of clothing is binned in the UK each year.
That figure from 2015 is 50,000 tonnes less than it was three years earlier but Wrap says the clothing industry still has the fourth largest environmental impact, after housing, transport and food.
Stella McCartney: ‘We have to offer solutions’
The problem with ‘fast fashion’
Used clothes: Why is demand declining?
The fast fashion phenomenon – cheap clothing with a quick turnover that encourages people to keep buying – has come under fire over its environmental impact, including water pollution, the use of toxic chemicals and textile waste.
Committee chairwoman Mary Creagh said: “The way we design, make and discard clothes has a huge environmental impact. Producing clothes requires toxic chemicals and produces climate-changing emissions.
“Every time we put on a wash, thousands of plastic fibres wash down the drain and into the oceans. We don’t know where or how to recycle end of life clothing.
“Our inquiry will look at how the fashion industry can remodel itself to be both thriving and sustainable.”
The committee is inviting people to comment by September on the environmental impact of the fashion industry, waste, unwanted clothing and working conditions in UK garment factories.
Among the questions it will ask is whether fast fashion is unsustainable, and what can be done to encourage people to buy fewer clothes and think more about how they are disposed of.
The Church of England has made last-ditch efforts to engage with sexual abuse survivors before a report of how it recorded cases of abuse is published.
That report is expected to be highly critical of the Church.
The BBC has learned that abuse allegations involving dead and retired clergy were left out of a CofE review.
A spokesperson for the Anglican Church said recent criticisms “have been taken very seriously and acted upon”.
Survivors have accused the Church of a “wholly inadequate” response.
Since March the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA) has heard how the Church of England handled allegations of sexual misconduct stretching back to the 1950s.
It has been an uncomfortable experience for Church leaders.
The Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby described Church failures as “deeply shaming”.
The Church of England’s Past Cases Review (PCR) looked at over 40,000 case files – it is not known whether they all related to abuse claims – but the review concluded that just 13 cases of alleged child sexual abuse needed formal action.
‘Satanic ritual abuse’
The BBC has seen emails showing discussions and disagreements about which cases to include.
They show confusion about the criteria of who to include. Eventually the PCR excluded those who had died, retired, or who were deemed no longer to pose a risk.
Other excluded cases related to a cleric who was allegedly addicted to pornography and another said to have had an “obsessional interest in satanic ritual abuse”.
Sexual offences which had been decriminalised were also left out, leaving the possibility that cases involving abuse of boys of the age of 16 or 17 went unrecorded.
Allegations of grooming behaviour were also excluded. One diocesan bishop did not engage with the review at all and many files containing allegations remained unopened in filing cabinets.
Justin Humphries of the Churches’ Child Protection Advisory Service says the review may have failed to identify some abusers.
“I can’t say for sure but I think it would be fair to say that yes, that is a distinct possibility.”
A report will be published next month into the PCR. It is expected to be highly critical.
The report author, Sir Roger Singleton, has already told the inquiry about multiple failings in the way the review was carried out with “concern about the reliability of the statistics” and “chaotic structure”.
Documents also suggest the Church hierarchy worked behind the scenes to limit damage to the reputation of the then-Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams.
In an email exchange in October 2010 – during the Chichester sex abuse scandal – a press adviser to Dr Williams said “the real danger here is that these stories are used to suggest that the CofE is as bad as Rome, both in abuse and cover-up” and “the aim must be to distance the current ABC (Archbishop of Canterbury) from it as much as poss”.
Dr Williams told the inquiry he had not previously seen the email.
In most cases survivors were not asked to give evidence to the Past Cases Review and there has been criticism of the Church for failing to fully involve them.
Phil Johnson, who was abused by a clergyman in the Chichester Diocese, says the Church’s response to survivors has been “wholly inadequate… there’s been a sense of paralysis almost on the part of the Church” and “of seeing the survivors as the problem”.
The Church of England says criticism of its handling of the review have been taken very seriously and have been acted upon.
It says it will support the recommendations in next month’s report by Sir Roger Singleton and has also commissioned a survey from the Social Care Institute for Excellence, asking for the views of survivors.
First Lady Melania Trump has been criticised for the choice of her coat worn on a trip to a migrant child detention centre in Texas.
Mrs Trump was spotted in the coat, which featured graffiti writing on the back with the words “I really don’t care do u?”, as she boarded a plane.
Her spokeswoman said “there was no hidden message” in the former fashion model’s sartorial choice.
The $39 (£29) jacket from Zara has caused an uproar on social media.
US President Donald Trump later tweeted that his wife’s coat “refers to the Fake News Media”.
Skip Twitter post by @realDonaldTrump
“I REALLY DON’T CARE, DO U?” written on the back of Melania’s jacket, refers to the Fake News Media. Melania has learned how dishonest they are, and she truly no longer cares!
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 21, 2018
End of Twitter post by @realDonaldTrump
Twitter users were quick to criticise the first lady’s jacket faux pas and the not-so-hidden message.
Skip Twitter post by @MrFilmkritik
Let’s get one thing straight: Melania Trump did not accidentally wear a $30 jacket she just happened to have around with all her other very expensive designer clothes on this trip.
This was intentional.
— Denizcan Grimes (@MrFilmkritik) June 21, 2018
End of Twitter post by @MrFilmkritik
Skip Twitter post by @subrawoman
#MelaniaTrump created the “Be Best” campaign and then wears a jacket that says, “I Really Don’t Care.” On her way to meet with immigrant children being held at border facilities. Cool, cool. I guess it was Opposite Day when she created that little ditty.
— Kiran S. (@subrawoman) June 21, 2018
End of Twitter post by @subrawoman
One user made the point the jacket would likely have been received far better online, had it been worn on any other occasion.
Skip Twitter post by @sam_baker
if melania had worn that jacket on almost any other day, the photo would have like 80,000 manual retweets of people just saying “same”
— Sam Baker (@sam_baker) June 21, 2018
End of Twitter post by @sam_baker
Hours after the photo of her departure outfit went viral, she again donned the jacket to disembark the plane at an Air Force base outside Washington DC.
She ignored question from reporters as she entered the presidential motorcade.
Mrs Trump’s spokeswoman Stephanie Grisham lambasted US media on Twitter for focusing on her fashion choice.
Skip Twitter post by @StephGrisham45
Today’s visit w the children in Texas impacted @flotus greatly. If media would spend their time & energy on her actions & efforts to help kids – rather than speculate & focus on her wardrobe – we could get so much accomplished on behalf of children. #SheCares #ItsJustAJacket
— Stephanie Grisham (@StephGrisham45) June 21, 2018
End of Twitter post by @StephGrisham45
Mrs Trump was not seen wearing the coat when she first arrived in Texas, but had it on again when she returned to Washington DC.
Pretty tone deaf
Katty Kay, BBC World News presenter, Washington
Melania Trump’s empathetic visit to the Mexican border risks being overshadowed by the unempathetic message on the back of her coat.
It stretches credulity that the first lady would make the effort to fly down to Texas, visit children, talk to staff and engage in this heartbreaking story only to deliberately undermine it with a callous choice of clothing.
It’s not clear how this was allowed to slip through the careful White House protocols but it’s a mistake on the part of her staff.
I give her the benefit of the doubt on compassion – but if she chose to wear this without thinking, it was pretty tone deaf.
Mrs Trump made the previously unannounced visit to a child migrant detention centre on Thursday, saying she wanted to help reunited migrant children who were separated from their families.
Her tour of the federally-funded New Hope Children’s Shelter in McAllen, Texas, housing dozens of Central American children came as her husband’s administration sought to quell the firestorm over migrant separations.
Confusion over fate of US migrant children
The majority of the 55 children housed at the facility crossed the border unaccompanied, but some were separated from their parents as part of the Trump administration’s zero-tolerance policy towards illegal immigration.
Programme director Rogelio De La Cerda Jr told Mrs Trump that the majority of the children had arrived from Guatemala, and are normally “very distraught” when they first arrive.
Mrs Trump mingled with children during their lessons, asking them how long they had been in the facility and how often they are able to speak to their parents.
“Be kind and nice to others, OK?,” she said, with her words at times being translated into Spanish.
“Good luck,” she told another group of children.
This is not the first time Mrs Trump has come under fire for her wardrobe.
Ahead of a visit with victims of Hurricane Harvey last year, photos of the first lady heading to the airport in stiletto heels drew ire on social media.
She changed into trainers before landing in Texas, but people still questioned her decision.